Ten Essential Public Health Services
Throughout the United States, public health agencies can serve a city or town, a county, or an entire state. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention serves as the nation’s public health agency and also helps coordinate responses to problems that cross state boundaries.
Regardless of a public health agency’s jurisdiction or size, the “10 Essential Public Health Services” is the fundamental framework that guides public health activities throughout the United States.
- Monitor health status to identify community health problems.
- Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community.
- Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.
- Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.
- Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
- Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.
- Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of healthcare when otherwise unavailable.
- Assure a competent public health and personal healthcare workforce.
- Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
- Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.